ls, lc – list contents of directory
For each directory argument,
There are a number of options:
If argument is a directory, list it, not its contents.
List in long format, giving mode (see below), file system type
(e.g., for devices, the
List the name of the user who most recently modified the file.
Don’t sort the listing.
Print only the final path element of each file name.
Reverse the order of sort.
Give size in Kbytes for each entry.
Sort by time modified (latest first) instead of by name.
Add the character
Print the character
By default, printed file names are quoted if they contain characters special to
The mode printed under the
if the entry is a directory;
if the entry is an append-only file;
if the entry is a plain file.
The next letter is
The last 9 characters are interpreted as three sets of three bits each. The first set refers to owner permissions; the next to permissions to others in the same user-group; and the last to all others. Within each set the three characters indicate permission respectively to read, to write, or to execute the file as a program. For a directory, ‘execute’ permission is interpreted to mean permission to search the directory for a specified file. The permissions are indicated as follows:
if the file is readable;
if the file is writable;
if the file is executable;
if none of the above permissions is granted.