ATAZZ(8)ATAZZ(8)

NAME

atazz – ATA target control

SYNOPSIS

atazz [ -r ] [ sddev ]
atazz -c cmd

DESCRIPTION

Atazz is an interactive program for exercising raw ATA devices. Its intended purpose is to support odd and administrative commands without requiring this functionality be implemented by each device driver. It reads commands from standard input and applies them to an ATA target. Communication is in SATA FIS format. Non-ATA devices accessed through the sd(3) interface will not work; ATAPI devices will respond to the commands in the ACS-2 packet feature set. If the -c option is given, the name of the given numeric ATA command is printed. sddev is given on the command line, an open (see below) is immediately applied to the target. On completion of a command, any errors are printed followed by the prompt az> . The response FIS may be printed with the command rfis. Some commands like identify device print processed output by default. Redirecting the output to a file will give the raw output as will the -r flag. In addition the following commands are implemented internally

< > <> file

Redirect output, input or both to or from a file. If file is missing, then the redirection is closed.  

close

Close the currently open device.  

dev

Print device path and basic information.  

issuetr [ command ... ]

Toggle command issue tracing. With no arguments, issuetr toggles tracing for all commands. Commands may be specified by number.  

open dev

Open the named device. probe Print a list of available device paths, size, sector size and WWNs. The first column is a suitable argument for open.  

rfis

Print the returned FIS, if any.  

For all commands, it is possible to manipulate the sata registers directly by specifying the register name and an 8-bit value. The registers are

type

FIS type  

flags

FIS flags  

cmd

command register  

feat

or features  

lba0

or sector  

lba8

or cyl0  

lba16

or cyl8  

lba24

or dh or byte8  

lba32

 

lba40

 

feat8

 

sc

sector count  

sc8

 

r

reserved FIS register  

In addition, commands that take an LBA and a number of sectors may be given those arguments directly, for example to read 1 sector starting at lba 100,

az> read dma ext 100 1

Subcommands are spelled out as in ACS-2. For example, to set the transfer mode to UDMA 6, enable the write cache and to enable and report smart status, one would

az> set features set transfer mode udma 6 az> set features enable write cache az> smart enable operations az> smart return status normal

SCT pseudo-protocol commands are also supported.

az> sct error recovery time set read timer = 5 az> sct error recovery time return read timer 500ms

FILES

/dev/sdXX/raw

SOURCE

/sys/src/cmd/atazz

SEE ALSO

scuzz(8), sd(3), smart(8),
T13/2015 ACS-2 published online at http://www.t13.org.

BUGS

Subcommand help doesn’t work. ACS-2 commands are tortuously verbose.