history – print file names from the dump


history [ -Dabcemnw ] [ -fuv ] [ -d dumpfilesystem ] [ -s yyyymmdd ] files ...


History prints the names, dates, and sizes, and modifier of all versions of the named files, looking backwards in time, stored in the dump file system. If the file exists in the main tree, the first line of output will be its current state. For example,


history /adm/users



May 14 15:29:18 EDT 2001 /adm/users 10083 [adm]
May 14 15:29:18 EDT 2001 /n/dump/2001/0515/adm/users 10083 [adm]
May 11 17:26:24 EDT 2001 /n/dump/2001/0514/adm/users 10481 [adm]
May 10 16:40:51 EDT 2001 /n/dump/2001/0511/adm/users 10476 [adm]

When presented with a path of the form /n/fs/path, history will use fsdump as the name of the dump file system, and will print a history of path.

The -v option enables verbose debugging printout.

The -D option causes diff(1) to be run for each adjacent pair of dump files. The options -abcemnw are passed through to diff; the little-used diff option -f is replaced by the functionality described below, and the -r option is disallowed.

The -u option causes times to be printed in GMT (UT) rather than local time.

The -d option selects some other dump file system such as /n/bootesdump.

The -f option forces the search to continue even when the file in question does not exist (useful for files that only exist intermittently).

Finally, the -s option sets the starting (most recent) date for the output.


Check how often a user has been logged in.


history /usr/ches/tmp